O Video Why Art Thou?

It’s been a long long time since I did a video essay, so I thought I’d give it a shot. Here I talk briefly about symbolism in O Brother Where Art Thou. Some of the clips I found on Youtube. For others, I used Quicktime to make screen recordings from Netflix. Astute observers may notice that the film is not streaming on Netflix. But when I use my Opera browser, it thinks I’m in Sweden, where Netflix has a somewhat different selection. I used MPEG Streamclip to trim clips and stills from what I had. The voiceover was recorded in Audacity. I put it all together in iMovie. I had to stretch some shots and trim some clips to get the images and video in sync with the voiceover. Not too tedious. I think it came out okay. It’s probably not very insightful and a little slapped together. Adding some background music might have improved it, as well as some titles, but, it’s okay for a quickie.

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The legendary radio shows

Some people inevitably won’t be able to make it to the ds106 radio tweet-along broadcasts of the class radio projects. So I’m providing links here to the shows and background on the characters. Ideally, people should listen in and interact. But if you can’t, give a listen to the other groups’ shows and blog about them.

The Legends ds106 Radio Show!


Deidra the Determinator
Irritated the Gnome
Rocket Richard
Adam Roche

Myths, Legends, And Character Conversations


Fiery Dragon
Maria Segreti
Ella Maguire
La Senora Luz
Nora Bendenova

Super Storytellers


Malachi Gray (Kai)
Shadow Leopard
Callen Zelrich

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Check your head

There will be much to say about OpenEd18 and I’m sure most will say it better than me. But while I’m mulling over the serious, I can write a little about the frivolous.

I used the occasion to run a little rogue experiment in art distribution, since sharing is part of open and it’s approaching Halloween. My plan was to leave my little skullish things lying around for people to find. I wasn’t sure if people were finding them or if maintenance was throwing them away so I started dropping some on the Sharing Table. Happily, someone not only found D. Guest, but also thought the distribution idea was worth taking back home.

‘Stache skull Vincenzo was discovered this morning:

I can tell Rosie found a good home by the colors on the page

Tall Boy sat around all day at the back of one room, but now gets to go to Texas with his glow-in-the-dark teeth & eyes.

Ladybug looks to be headed to PA. I think that’s appropriate, since PALCI sent me many books during my time with Pitt.

Unfortunately Fritzie was out in the cold all night and all day.

There were 14 others. I wonder where they ended up? I think the experiment went well though. I got the chance to see a few reactions, as people looked at them quizzically on the Share Table. Most people didn’t seem to even notice though. Like our friend from CA, I’m going to take the idea back home and follow in the footsteps of my inspiration. Will the people of Binghamton notice? We shall see.

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Open heads for open ed

I wrote earlier about my skull adventure. I got the idea, copied it really, from Brother O’Mara who operates down in New Orleans. He gave me his blessing:

My work is crude and amatuerish in comparison, but I think I’m getting a better handle on it. But making them is only half the job. They need to be distributed too. So I’m thinking I will plant them around Niagara Falls next week when I’m at the Open Ed conference. I needed some sort of card to go with them, so I guess I gave myself a design assignment. In keeping with Open Ed, I wanted to play off of Creative Commons, so I thought of “common craniums” or “cranial commons.” Common craniums balanced well – both words come out almost the same length – but my creations are a bit to mutant to be called common. Cranial commons leaves a little room to fit in a tag line, “open art for #OpenEd” or something like that. Then I had to do something with the CC logo. I googled “skull logo” and set the image filters for white color and “labeled for reuse.” I found one from Wikimedia Commons, which is perfect both in spirit and for my purposes. Using Photoshop, I replaced the skull eyeholes with the double c of the Creative Commons logo and applied a stroke to the outside edge of the logo to more or less match the weight of the stroke in the type. It’s pretty far removed from the CC logo, but I think it works well enough. I used Helvetica Bold for the typeface, like in the CC logo, and put it on a business card template.

I’m going to attach skulls to the cards or vice versa, like so:

And I’ll leave them around for people to find. It’s close enough to Halloween so people may like it. Some people will no doubt find them hideous. But perhaps the right people will appreciate it. We shall see. The setting and the timing make it a nice little public art experiment. Hopefully the maintenance people won’t just throw them away.


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The Kidd is alright

I picked up a copy of Chip Kidd’s book at my local library.
What the Brain Pickings article says about it, that it “refus[es] to talk down to them or confine their inborn curiosity to narrow adult expectations about what ‘writing for children’ should be like” is spot on. I feel like I should tell the UMW library to get a copy and put it on course reserve for ds106, because it’s to the point and accessible to non-designers.

The front and back covers are beautiful examples of how design has meaning. The red octogon and the green circle mean stop and go, which he highlights by switching the instructions. We also see typography going on on the back, with the period emphasizing “stop” and carefully kerned to fit under the “P.”

I like this page near the beginning of the book. It’s a thoughtful message, expressed simply. Or should I say subtly? The size of the type, and the typefaces used, are not random. The letters are carefully spaced to form a justified block of text. The final sentence is centered, forming an elongated oval, making the whole page a squat exclamation point. The change in typeface, color and capitalization, brings special emphasis to the point. The eye jumps to it immediately, so you have it in mind as you read the text from the beginning.

Here are a series of pages discussing scale. We see the same kind of meaning-inversion Kidd used on the cover repeated at the top of the first page. The color of the headline type carries through to the background of the second page. The second page uses blank space to emphasize the smallness of the image. If there were a lot of text on the page, we might feel like the image was as big as it could be, but as it is, we know otherwise. when the page is turned, it fills the page, in stark contrast. On the final page, the image returns to the same size and place as before, dwarfed again by blank space and the type above.

Subconsciously, colors have meaning to us. Some come from the natural environment, some come from cultural tradition, and some from personal experience. In design, we need to consciously think about the meanings. Everything is a choice, made to achieve a desired goal. We should be able to articulate why we made our choices and what they do for our design. Why that color? Why that font? Because all these details communicate meaning.

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How to get a head in the world

“There’s two kinds of people in this world, my friend: Those who work for a living, and those who own things for a living.” is the way I usually paraphrase Tuco. But today’s Daily Create challenge was to make something, so I had to think differently about it. I’ve been making miniature mutant skulls for a while, inspired by the work of Brother O’Mara, so I wondered if I could work with that. There are a lot of different way I could pair them up, but a caption wasn’t jumping to mind. Of course, the duality in the statement isn’t true, so I thought I would counter it. So I grabbed a handful of skulls and arranged them on Grandma’s little folding table and took a picture. Since we’re heading into Design Week in ds106, I added a hairline border and set the type in Comic Sans (inspired by the knowledge and wisdom of George Siemens)


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“One Step Ahead of the Spider”

A few people referenced audiobooks with regards to the Anansi Boys dramatization. Some of us found this interesting since there are very distinct differences between audiobooks and radio plays, or audio dramatizations. An audiobook has a narrator reading the text of a book. In some cases, the reader will provide vocal characterizations. I’ve heard a few that use multiple narrators to good effect, when different chapters come from different character’s viewpoints. But that is typically the extent of their use of sound. Radio plays, going back to the early part of the 20th century, use sound effects and music to tell stories, as well as dialogue.

In hindsight, the confusion shouldn’t be surprising. Over the past few decades, I suspect that audiobooks, books on tape or CD, have been much more popular than audio dramatizations. We seen some resurgence of audio drama in podcasts, but news, opinion, documentary and talk show type podcasts seem more common than drama. So audio stories get associated with audiobooks, and audio drama is more of a niche thing.

But in listening to the show, people had some great insights

Sound creates setting:

I thought it was amazing that you could distinguish the location the characters where in, be it a bar, work, outside, etc. just based on background noises like chatter, wind, or rain.

Sound signifying transition:

The scenes were able to be differentiated through the use of the music changing. They also used sound effects which helped lead to the setting.

We may not be conscious of it, but we know things by their sounds:

Have you ever thought about beeps in movies/television/radio shows? I hadn’t, but now I can’t stop! Hospitals, airports, intercoms, various machines. Do you have any that you can think of? There are so many unique ones!

From listening, we can see the potential for what we can do with sound:

I can’t wait to play around with our assignments in audio this week!!

All are the kinds of things I like to hear. By listening and analyzing, we get ideas on how we can use the medium for our own creativity.

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The art of listening to art

We’ve had some great turnouts for our #ds106radio tweet-alongs this week, and some great insights as well.

Is listening a lost art? In the days before television, back in my parents’ and grandparents’ days, listening to radio shows was a family activity. And the point of listening was to listen. Now, listen to audio is more of an individual activity, and it’s often done as a secondary activity – listening while driving/walking/running, or doing something else. So maybe we’re not practiced at focusing, or maybe we are practiced at giving our ears limited attention.

Part of it is also the idea of critical attention. When we take photographs or look at photographs, as many people pointed out last week, we think about the content of the images. We typically don’t stop to consider the formal aspects and principles of photography. It’s the same with reading, or watching video – we look for the story, and generally don’t stop to think about how it’s being told. But that’s exactly what we’re trying to do in this class. We looked at video stills last week for examples of principles of photography. We should think about how things like contrast or balance in an image contribute to the story. How do they create or affect meaning?

A few people commented on the vocal characterizations in the Anansi Boys broadcast. In some ways, they made conversations a little difficult to understand. They also placed the majority of the story in the UK. I think the variety of voices creates a kind of texture that draws our interest. Inasmuch as listening is hard, the texture makes it easier. But I think that variety also does something for the meaning of the story. We hear Caribbean accents, British accents, and an American accent – and they’re all in the same family. Anansi is a storyteller, and his stories are not confined to one place, but run throughout humanity. I think that’s part of what is being told through the variety of voices.

But the main thing we’re looking for, or rather listening for in these broadcasts, is how sound is used to convey information and meaning. We can hear not only what is being said, but what is going on and where it is happening. If we pay attention and think about it, we can hear how sounds are accomplishing that. There was a neat trick that they did a few times during the broadcast, where you could hear the perspective of a scene switch from one end of a phone call to the other. You hear one voice present, with you, and the other as if it is coming through a phone. And that’s something we could do ourselves, using Audacity and looking for a little how-to. We can add a little background sound and make a scene at night (crickets) or morning (birds chirping). Little clues that convey a lot of meaning. When we engage in that kind of analysis, we uncover the language of the medium, and we can see how to use it for our own purposes.

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Happy little screams

As a long time fan of Bob Ross, I was naturally drawn to Kim Beom’s Yellow Scream:

Kim Beom “Yellow Scream” from Варвара Воробьев on Vimeo.

I’m very impressed with his ability to keep a straight face. But I wondered what would happen if I set the audio to music. It think it was the contrast between his calm speaking and varied screams that gave me the idea.

I downloaded the video and imported it into Audacity to capture the audio. Then I needed some music. I went to CC Search and looked for a happy instrumental on SoundCloud. There were several options. Beatjunkie Rato – Homecoming (Happy Guitar Piano Rap Beat Hip Hop Instrumental) from YourRapBeatsTV caught my interest, so I downloaded that and imported it into Audacity as well. From there, I cut off a chunk of the talking at the beginning – the talking and the screaming are easy to distinguish visually by the shape of the waveforms. Then I went through it and edited out pieces of flat line (silence) here and there so words and screams more or less aligned with beats here and there. You can sort of pick out beats by looking at the spikes in the wave form. When the music ran out, I just deleted the rest of the video soundtrack. I ended up with a screen like this:

image of Audacity audio editing screen

I exported that as an MP3 and put it up on SoundCloud:

It’s pretty painful to listen to. It might have worked better if I took more time to select the right music and edited the video’s sound so that they work together. As it is, anything that works in it is a happy accident, like Bob says:

We don't make mistakes, just happy little accidents. Quote from Bob Ross

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of stories and skulls

It is interesting to read people’s analyses of stories, both for the variety and the insights. It’s also interesting that no one tried to draw the shape of their stories. It wasn’t a requirement or anything, but it is a simple exercise in visual analysis. I thought about this yesterday when I stumbled across an article on learning through drawing. Most of us feel we can’t draw because we can’t draw as well as people who have been working at it for years/decades.

We don’t need to draw well to draw a story shape, but if we don’t think we can draw, then drawing becomes something we don’t do. Thing is, assuming average physical ability, we can all draw, and we could all draw well if we wanted to put in the practice. Our first attempts might not work out well, but we can reflect on what worked well and what went wrong and learn from that process. (Note that the process of practice and reflection was detailed in the Week Two reading on writing assignment posts. That reading should be kept in mind for each assignment, every week.) As an example, I was inspired by the work of Brother O’Mara to try to make miniature skulls of my own. They’re all crude and crappy, but it’s a start, and eventually I’ll develop some control over the medium and be able to refine detail and proportion.

The point of all this is a) that we shouldn’t be embarrassed to put our efforts on display and b) we should blog reflections on our processes and outcomes. We may go through a “man in the hole” storyline, but we know we’l come out better in the end.

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